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Business Enterprise Research and Development

Research and development expenditure by businesses in Great Britain, including type of research and development, how it was funded, and related employment.

The purpose of the Business Enterprise Research and Development (BERD) survey is to provide estimates of businesses' expenditure and employment relating to research and development (R&D) performed in the UK.

It uniquely provides information on:

  • expenditure on R&D performed by UK businesses
  • the source of funding for this R&D work
  • the employment of people working on R&D

The survey is conducted to provide estimates of overall R&D in the UK business sector, and to allow comparisons of the UK results with other countries. The estimates are used by major policymakers in the UK and in the EU and are used in EU aggregates. They are perceived as an important determinant of economic growth.

This dataset is for England, Wales and Scotland only, Northern Ireland data can be accessed through the separate BERD Northern Ireland entry. View the BERD methodology changes file in the assets tab for data owner notes on methodology changes affecting 2018 to 2021 data.

All data hosted on the Integrated Data Service (IDS) are de-identified.


BERD, Business, Expenditure, Innovation, Research and development, Employment